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Les révolutions silencieuses des oasis du sud tunisien, Crise des modèles et réponses locales.

Abstract : In a context of rising social demands and a crisis in development models, this work questions the transformations of the oasis territories of southern Tunisia drawing on an analysis of the diversification of practices of local resource exploitation. The research devotes particular attention to the economic, social and technological innovations that characterize certain emerging forms of valorization and to the political dimension they carry. Adopting a social geography approach, the analysis is based on a comparison of the continental oasis of Tozeur and the coastal oasis of Gabès, making it possible to identify the diversity of the processes that influence the dynamics of these territories. This approach calls into question an understanding of oases as exceptional environments and underlines the need to integrate into the analysis the diversity of actors deploying their strategies in the oasis territories and to reintegrate the latter into their regional and national political context. The analysis shows that the transformation of oasis territories is characterized by partly contradictory dynamics; on the one hand, national development policies have had the effect of marginalizing ancient oases, subjecting them to a series of threats - desertification, urbanization, abandonment - that call into question their sustainability; on the other hand, the rise of environmental concerns and the emergence of new tourism and living environment related demands has fostered a dynamics of heritage re-qualification of oases based on an idealization of their traditional systems that is publicized by a booming associative sector. The diversification of valorization forms of oasis territories - ranging from small family farming to agribusiness projects and leisure activities, agroecology or ecotourism - also leads to increased competition for access to land and water resources and to a strengthened process of social and spatial differentiation within oasis territories. Thus, the phenomena observed underline the ambivalence of this increasingly politicized "oasis preservation" dynamics that contributes to the debate on the redefinition of development models in post-2011 Tunisia.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03451684
Contributor : Irène Carpentier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 3:40:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 3:47:59 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03451684, version 1

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Irène Carpentier. Les révolutions silencieuses des oasis du sud tunisien, Crise des modèles et réponses locales.. Géographie. Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-03451684⟩

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